The structure of industry
Komsomolsk is an indusrial city. It is industry that defines the specifity of the city. There are 7 major branches of industry in Komomolsk: mining, chemical, machine industry, wood cutting, production of building materials, light and food-processing industry. You can see the structure of industry on Diagrams 1, 2, and sizes of production in each industry branch on Diagrams 3-5.
As you can easily see on Diagrams, mining industry plays the most important role.
The mining industry is a leading branch of industry in Komsomolsk, and it's represented by: Poltava mining company, which gave birth to the whole city. In 1997 this branch of industry gave 93,1% of the total city industry production, in 1998 - 92,75%, in 1999 - 94,98%, and in 2000 - 97,02%. But not only its leading role increased, production level also did, except of 1998 when the production of pellets decreased. It was caused by the influence of the foreign factors, first of all by the decreasion of steal usage on the world market and also by world finacial crisis.
The income for mining product selling in 1999 was 4.839.787.000 grivnas, which is 95,3% of the total city industry income.
The chemical industry is represented by "Kislorod" and "Leomi-oryginal" (since 2000).
In 1997 it gave 2,01% of the total ammount of city industry production, in 1998 - 2,03% though the level of production in general decreased for 11,4%. This decrease of production was connected with the drop of Poltava mining company production, which is the major customer of "Kislorod" products. In 2000 the level of production increased for 23.3% and reached 9,498,300 grn., though the relative part descreased for 0.97%.
In 1999 the relative part of chemical industry (due to the level of income) was 1.2% of the general city income (in 1997 - 1.7%; in 1998 - 1.3%).
The machine industry
In 1997 this branch of industry took 2.24% of the general city production level, in 1998 - 2.75%. In 1999-2000 the level of production descreased to 1.51% of the general level; the relative part of this branch decreased to 0.77%. In 1999 the descrease op production was noted in all the enterprises of the branch:
- "Promsantehnika" - for 8.6%;
- OP-317/P-14 -for 24,5%;
- "Ukrchermetavtomatika" - for 69.7%;
- "Kredo" - for 19.8%;
- "Elemash" - for 10.1%.
In 2000 the further descrease was noted in the interprises:
- "Promsantehnika" - for 11.9%;
- OP-317/P-14 - for 39.9%;
- "Ukrchermetavtomatika" - for 21.8%.
The decreasion is connected with these problems:
- "Promsantehnika" - the absense of the market to sell production;
- OP-317/P-14 - the descrease of the workers amount;
- "Ukrchermetavtomatika", "Kredo", "Elemash" - the descrease of the the contracts amount.
In 1999 the relative part of the branch (due to income level) was only 0.96% (in 1997 - 1.4%, in 1998 - 1.7%).
The building materials industry is represented by:
- State enterprise "Redutskiy road metal factory";
- "Ryzhivskiy granite opencast";
- "Selecate products factory" (the branch of Poltava mining company).
In 1997 the relative part of the branch was 1.17%, in 1998 - 1.69%, in 1999 - 0.96%, in 2000 - 0.70%.
In 1999 the descrease of the production level of the branch was caused by the decrease of "Redutskiy road metal factory" production for 1.3% and "Ryzhivskiy granite opencast" production for 50.6% (because of the electricity and fuel lack).
In 2000 the level of production of the branch increased for 43.2% but the general relative part decresed to 0.70%.
In 1999 the relative part of the branch (due to income level) was 0.70% of the general city industry income (in 1997 - 1.5%, in 1998 - 1.1%).
The food-processing industry is represented by "Komosomolsk grain factory".
In 1998 the production level decreased for 12.2%. This was caused by the growing competition on the market.
In 1999 the level of production increased for 10.4%, in 2000 - for 56.1%. But the relative part of the branch descreased to 0.46%.
In 1999 the relative part of the branch (due to the income level) was 0.37% of the city industry income (in 1997 - 0.99%, in 1998 - 0.47%).
The wood-cutting industry. This branch is represented by "Komfort" enterprise (the branch of Poltava mining company).
In 1997-2000 the level of production increased from 32.000 grn. up to 124.100 grn. The relative part of the industry in 1997 was 0.01%, in 1998 - 0.03%, in 1999 - 0.02%, in 2000 - 0.01%.
The light industry. Some 2-3 years ago this branch was represented only by the jersey enterprise "Tiko". Nowadays it is the top city industry (due to the amount of enterprises). The basis of the branch includes several enterprises, connected somehow with "Tiko". Besides, very many new enterprises appeared (such as "Legpromservis", "Kosta", "Lika"), which now are even bigger than the old ones. And in general there more than 50 enterprises in the branch nowadays. Their products are well known in Western Europe and CIS countries.
The number of working places
In 1997 about 12,260 people were empoyed on industry enterprises (that is 55.4% of the general efficient people number), in 2000 - 11,200 people were employed (61.3% of the general efficient people number).
Most of the employed people work at mining industry enterprises (in 1997 - 81.5%, in 2000 - 89.5%).
In 1997 469 people were employed in machine industry (3.8%), in 2000 - 417 people (3.7%).
The number of workers in building materials industry constantly decreased and in 2000 282 people worked there.
In 1997 169 people were employed in the food-processing industry, in 2000 - 193 people.
The relative part of Komsomoslk mining industry in 1997 was 97.7% of the general Poltava region mining production, in 1998 - 98.2%, in 1999 - 98.6%.
Besides, the relative part of Komsomolsk chemical industry in 1999 was 5.3% and the relative part of city building materials industry was 3.8% of the general region production.
Thus the analysis of the major producton indexes shows the general stabilization and perspectives of the industry development.